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What causes depression?

Understanding the Depths of Clinical Depression: Unraveling its Causes and Symptoms

Have you ever thought about the causes of clinical depression

Perhaps you've received a diagnosis of major depressive disorder, which has caused you to question yourself why people are depressed and face such circumstances, while others don't.

Depression is more than just a bunch of mood swings. Depression does not indicate vulnerability, but you cannot just "snap out of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. 

Most people suffering from depression are better when they take psychotherapy, medication, or both.


What is depression?


Depression is a mood disorder that causes constant sadness and a loss of interest. Also known as major depressive disorder, clinical depression affects how you perceive, behave, and feel and may cause physical and emotional issues. You may have difficulty performing regular activities of daily living, and it can feel as if the world isn't worth living anymore.

Although there's no particular cause that triggers depression among individuals, and there is no precise answer to what triggers such causes, it can be surfaced by various reasons and factors which are the underlying causes of depression. Some people suffer from depression in the course of a severe medical condition. Other people may suffer from depression due to events like separation or losing loved ones. Some may also have an ancestral background or a family history of depression. People who have this may suffer from the depression disorder and are overwhelmed by sadness and loneliness for no reason.


What are the main causes of depression?


A variety of factors can contribute to the risk of depression. This includes the following:

Abuse – Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse may cause you to be more susceptible to depression later in life.

Age – Older people are at a higher likelihood of being depressed. It can be worsened by other circumstances, including being single or lacking support from family and friends.

Certain medications – Certain medications like isotretinoin (used to treat acne) and antiviral interferon-alpha and corticosteroids can increase the risk of depression.

Conflict – Depression in someone who is biologically vulnerable to it could result from conflict in the family or between family members or friends.

Loss or death – Sadness or grief as a consequence of the loss or death of a loved one, even though it is natural, can increase the likelihood of depression.

Gender – Women are about twice more likely as males to develop depression. The reason is quite uncertain. The hormonal changes women experience at different periods of their lives might have a part to play.

Genetics – A family history of depression could increase the chance of developing depression. The theory is that depression is a multi-faceted condition, which means there are likely to be many genes with minor effects, not one specific gene that contributes to the risk of developing the disease. The genetics of depression, as with many psychiatric disorders, aren't as easy to locate as they are in pure genetic disorders like Huntington's disease and cystic fibrosis.

Major events – Even good events like beginning a new job, completing your degree, or getting married may cause depression. Also, moving and losing a job, income, divorce, or retirement. But, the condition of clinical depression is not simply its "normal" reaction to life stressors.

Other personal issues – Problems such as social isolation caused by mental illnesses or being excluded from an entire family or social circle could increase the chance of developing clinical depression.

Severe diseases – Sometimes, depression is a major disease symptom or could be caused by a different medical issue.

Substance Abuse – About 30% of those suffering from substance abuse also suffer from clinical or major depression. Although alcohol or drugs may temporarily boost your mood, they eventually exacerbate depression.


What are the symptoms of depression?


Although depression may occur once in your life, it is common for people to experience many episodes. In these episodes, the major depressive disorder symptoms are present throughout the time, and almost all the time, the common symptoms of depression could include:

· Feelings of sadness, tears, and hopelessness

· Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even when it's about minor things

· A lack of interest or enjoyment in the majority or all activities, including sexual activity, hobbies, or sports.

· Insomnia, sleep disturbances or over-sleeping

· Energy and fatigue so even the simplest tasks require extra effort

· Weight loss and appetite reduction or an increase in cravings for food and gain in weight?

· Anxiety, agitation, or anxiety.

· Slower thinking, speaking, or movement of the body

· Anxiety or feelings of guilt and guilt over past failures or self-blame

· Problems with thinking, concentration making decisions, and recalling things

· Consistent or repeated thoughts of suicide, suicidal ideas, and suicide attempts.

· Unforeseen physical ailments like headaches or back pain


For most people suffering from depression, symptoms tend to be sufficient to create noticeable issues in everyday activities like school, work, social activities, or even relationships with other people. Certain people might feel unsatisfied or depressed without pinpointing the cause.


What are depression symptoms in adolescents and children?


The common major depressive disorder symptoms and signs of depression in teenagers and children are the same as in adults, though there could be some variations.

In children younger than 10, signs of depression could include irritability, sadness, anxiety, clinginess, aches and pains, refusal to go to school, or being overweight.

Teenagers can experience irritability, sadness, devalued and insignificant anger, ineffective performance, or infrequent attendance at school. They may also feel insecure and susceptible. They may also be using alcohol or recreational drugs, drinking or sleeping excessively, self-harming and losing interest in everyday activities, and avoiding social interactions.


What are depression symptoms in adults?


Depression isn't an ordinary aspect of aging and shouldn't be dismissed lightly. The problem is that depression can go without being diagnosed and treated for older adults, and they might not be willing to seek treatment. The symptoms of depression can be different or less apparent for older adults.

· Memory problems or personality changes

· Pain or aches in the body

· Loss of appetite, fatigue, sleep disorders, or a loss of interest in sexual activity that is not caused by a medical illness or medication

· Loss of interest in social activities

· Suicidal thoughts or emotions, particularly for older males


When is the best time to visit a doctor?


If you're depressed, schedule an appointment with your physician or a mental health professional as soon as possible. If you're hesitant to seek help, you can talk to a family member or friend or any health care professional, a religious leader, or someone you can trust.


You can also seek support and help for depression right here